Ships from the Age of Sail and Steam

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Search result for any reference to: flagship
Advance: Brigantine; Length: 88 ft; Beam: 21 ft 10 in; Depth in Hold: 8 ft 5 in; 144 tons; Comp.: 17; New Kent, Maryland, United States; 1847

Advance was the flagship of the first US arctic expedition and search for HMS Erebus and HMS Terror in 1850.
Ark Royal: 690 tons; Armament: 38 guns; Deptford, England; 1587

The Ark Royal saw action as flagship of the English fleet during the Spanish Armada of July 1588. She was rebuilt in 1608, renamed Anne Royal and finally broken up in 1636, 49 years after coming off the docks.
Belle: Barque Longue; Length: 15.5 m; Beam: 4.3 m; 47 tons; Comp.: 26; Armament: 6 guns; Rochefort, France; 1684

Robert Cavalier Sieur de La Salle's flagship on his disastrous 1684 expedition to establish a French colony near the mouth of the Mississippi. Neither La Salle, nor his ship Belle would survive the unfortunate and plagued venture.

Egmont: HMS Egmont; Third Rate ship-of-the-line; Length: 176 ft; Beam: 48 ft; Draft : 17 ft; 1760 tons; Comp: 590; Armament: 74 guns; Northfleet Dockyard, England; 1810

The fifth ship of the Royal Navy named Egmont served as flagship of Rear-Admiral Charles Vinnicombe Penrose in 1814. Later she was reduced to act as a receiving ship in Rio de Janeiro and finally was sold out of the British Navy in 1875.
Kronan: First Rate ship-of-the-line; 2,140 displacement tons; Crew: 500; Armament: 126 guns; Stockholm, Sweden; 1672

Sweden's first three-decked warship, she became the Swedish Navy's flagship in 1675. She befell a similar fate as the Wasa, when her crew failed to close her lower gunports in time when turning to engage a combined Danish and Dutch fleet in 1676 during the battle of Öland. She never took in sail, heeled sharply to port, took on water and sank shortly thereafter.
Mary Rose: Carrack; Length: 32 m (keel); Beam: 4.6 m; 600 tons burthen; Comp.: 415; Armament: 78 Guns; Portsmouth Dockyard, England; 1510

Henry VIII's flagship was one of the first purpose-built warships with cannons firing through gun ports. She was rebuilt in 1536, increasing her size to 700 tons burthen and her armament to 91 guns, including culverins, demi-culverins, sakers and falcons. She saw regular action against the French and in 1545, while manoeuvering off Portsmouth during one such encounter, the Mary Rose sharply heeled, rapidly took on water and sank.
Orient: L'Orient; First Rate; Length: 197 pied; Beam: 50 pied; Draft: 25 pied; Armament: 120 guns; Toulon, France; 1791

Launched in 1791 as 'Dauphin Royal' she was renamed Sans-Culotte during the French Revolution since her name was an obvious affront to any self respecting French revolutionary. She was again renamed in 1795 to her most well known name: L'Orient. L'Orient was the flagship of the French armada under command of Vice Admiral François Paul Brueys d'Aiguïlliers bound for Egypt in 1798. On August first of that year, Rear Admiral Horatio Nelson caught up with the armada in the Nile delta and the Battle of the Nile ensued. L'Orient valiantly fought off the 74-gun Bellerophon but ended up ablaze with Brueys and Captain Louis de Casablanca both mortally wounded. HMS Swiftsure and HMS Alexander finished her off and L'Orient blew apart when her magazine exploded.
Queen Charlotte: HMS Queen Charlotte; First Rate; 2,279 bm tons; Comp.: 850; Armament: 30x32pdr, 28x24pdr, 42x12pdr; Chatham Dockyard, England; 1790

Involved in the 'Battle of the Glorious First of June 1794' when 32 English ships of the line were charged to intercept a French grain fleet from North America. A French battle fleet sailed from Brest to provide protection for the French convoy. Queen Charlotte engaged two French vessels; Montagne and Jacobin. The Queen Charlotte lost her fore topmast and Montagne barely escaped with 300 of her crew dead or wounded. While considered an English vistory as six French ships were captured, the French grain convoy got to Brest completely unscathed. As the flagship of the English Mediterranean fleet, Queen Charlotte sank off Livorno when she caught fire on the 17th of March, 1800. She took 690 of her crew down with her.
Reale: Galley; Length: 40 m; 170 displacement tons; Comp.: 700; Armament: 1x36pdr, 2x9pdr, 8x4.5pdr; 1570

Reale was Don Juan of Austria's flagship at the Battle of Lepanto in 1571, a decisive battle between a large mixed Christian- and an even larger Turkish naval force.
Santa Maria: Nao; Length: 21m; 108-239 toneladas; Crew: 40; Armament: 9cm lombard, 4.5cm falconets; Galicia, Spain; 1492

Christopher Columbus's flagship used on his first voyage of discovery and exploration that took him to the Caribbean islands in 1492-1493. Her sail arrangement - square main, square main topsail, square foresail, square spritsail under the bowsprit and lateen mizzen, is recorded in Columbus's log. Very little else about the ship itself is known other than she ran aground on a coral reef east of Haiti and was lost on Christmas Eve, 1492.
Swiftsure: HMS Swiftsure; Third Rate; Length: 51 m; Beam: 14 m; 1,612 tons; Armament: 28x32pdr, 28x18pdr, 18x9pdr, 2x32pdr carronades, 6x18pdr carronades; Deptford Dockyard, England; 1787

The 74-gun third-rate Swiftsure took part in the Battle of the Nile and aided in the destruction of the French flagship L'Orient. She was captured by the French ships Indivisible and Dix-Août in the Mediterranean on the 24th of June, 1801. During the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 she was recaptured by the British and renamed HMS Irresistible.
Vanguard: HMS Vanguard; Third Rate; Length: 51.2 m; 1,664 tons; Comp: 530; Armament: 28x32pdr, 30x24pdr, 16x9pdr; Deptford Dockyard, England; 1787

The HMS Vanguard was Nelson's flagship after returning to duty after his right arm was amputated in 1797. The HMS Vanguard saw action at the Battle of the Nile, between a prepared attacking British fleet and an unprepared and anchored French fleet, one of the most decisive naval victories of that time. She was not present at any other Napoleonic battles and was turned into a prison ship in 1812, a powder hulk in 1814 and finally broken up in 1821.
Victory: HMS Victory; First Rate; Length: 57 m (1765), 69 m (1802); Beam: 15.7 m (1802); 2,142 tons (1765), 3,500 tons (1802); Comp: 821; Armament: 2x68pdr, 28x42pdr, 28x24pdr, 28x12pdr, 16x6pdr 8xswivel guns (1765); 30x32 pdr on the lower gun deck, 28 x 24 pounder on the middle gun deck, 30x12 pdr long guns on the upper gun deck, 12x12 pdr on the quarter deck, 2x12pdr and 2x68 pdr carronade on the forecastle (1802); Chatham Dockyard, England; 1765

The HMS Victory of 1765 was the 7th ship with this name and the third first-rate ship so called. After being rebuilt (1800-1802), it became the flagship of Lord Nelson's Mediterranean Fleet which made her so famous in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. She was put into reserve in 1812 in Portsmouth.
Whydah: Galleon; Length:30m; 300 bm tons; Armament: 18 guns; 1716

Originally a slave trader, she was captured by the Bahamian pirate Samuel Bellamy who made her his flagship. She was lost during a storm in April 1717.
Windsor Castle: HMS Windsor Castle; Screw (steam) driven three-masted First Rate; Length from fore part of figurehead to aft part of taffrail: 278 ft 6 in; Beam: 60 ft ; Depth in hold: 24 ft 8 in ; 3771 bm tons; Armament: 131 guns; Royal Dockyard, Pembroke, England; 1852

Originally built for sail only, she was cut in half and lengthened by 23 feet before launch to accommodate for a screw propeller and the steam boilers driving her. She was renamed on the first of October 1852 to HMS Duke of Wellington, and served as flagship in the Baltic during the Russian War. She was taken out of service and broken up in 1909.

HMS Duke of Wellington

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Zeven Provincien: Ship-of-the-line; Comp.: 450; Armament: 80 guns; Delftshaven, Netherlands; 1664

Legendary Admiral Michiel Adriaanszoon de Ruyter's flagship in the Four Days' Battle, which was fought entirely at sea between England and the Netherlands. The Prince Royal, an important symbol of the Stuart Monarchy, grounded and surrendered on the third day to the Dutch and was subsequenly burned.

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