Ships from the Age of Sail and Steam

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Search result for any reference to: first rate
Kronan: First Rate ship-of-the-line; 2,140 displacement tons; Crew: 500; Armament: 126 guns; Stockholm, Sweden; 1672

Sweden's first three-decked warship, she became the Swedish Navy's flagship in 1675. She befell a similar fate as the Wasa, when her crew failed to close her lower gunports in time when turning to engage a combined Danish and Dutch fleet in 1676 during the battle of Öland. She never took in sail, heeled sharply to port, took on water and sank shortly thereafter.
Nelson: HMS Nelson; First Rate; Length: 205 ft along the gundeck; Beam: 53.5 ft; Depth of hold: 24 ft.; 2601 tons; Armament: 120 guns; Woolwich Dockyard, England; 1814

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Orient: L'Orient; First Rate; Length: 197 pied; Beam: 50 pied; Draft: 25 pied; Armament: 120 guns; Toulon, France; 1791

Launched in 1791 as 'Dauphin Royal' she was renamed Sans-Culotte during the French Revolution since her name was an obvious affront to any self respecting French revolutionary. She was again renamed in 1795 to her most well known name: L'Orient. L'Orient was the flagship of the French armada under command of Vice Admiral François Paul Brueys d'Aiguïlliers bound for Egypt in 1798. On August first of that year, Rear Admiral Horatio Nelson caught up with the armada in the Nile delta and the Battle of the Nile ensued. L'Orient valiantly fought off the 74-gun Bellerophon but ended up ablaze with Brueys and Captain Louis de Casablanca both mortally wounded. HMS Swiftsure and HMS Alexander finished her off and L'Orient blew apart when her magazine exploded.
Queen Charlotte: HMS Queen Charlotte; First Rate; 2,279 bm tons; Comp.: 850; Armament: 30x32pdr, 28x24pdr, 42x12pdr; Chatham Dockyard, England; 1790

Involved in the 'Battle of the Glorious First of June 1794' when 32 English ships of the line were charged to intercept a French grain fleet from North America. A French battle fleet sailed from Brest to provide protection for the French convoy. Queen Charlotte engaged two French vessels; Montagne and Jacobin. The Queen Charlotte lost her fore topmast and Montagne barely escaped with 300 of her crew dead or wounded. While considered an English vistory as six French ships were captured, the French grain convoy got to Brest completely unscathed. As the flagship of the English Mediterranean fleet, Queen Charlotte sank off Livorno when she caught fire on the 17th of March, 1800. She took 690 of her crew down with her.
Soleil Royal: First Rate ship-of-the-line; Armament: 104 guns; Brest, France; 1669

Le Soleil Royal was named in honor of the sun king, Louis XIV, and was one of the most powerful warships of her day. She was destroyed by British fireships after she ran aground at the Battle of La Hoque in may, 1692.

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Sovereign of the Seas: HMS Sovereign of the Seas; First Rate; Length: 38.7 m (keel); Beam: 14.2 m; 1,141 tons; Armament: 106 guns; 20 cannon drakes, 4 demi-cannon drakes and 4 demi-cannon on the lower gun deck; 24 culverin drakes, 6 culverins and 4 demi-cannon on the middle gun deck; 38 demi-culverin drakes, 4 demi-culverins and 2 culverin drakes on the upper gun deck; Woolwich Dockyard, England; 1637

The Royal Navy's most lavish ornamented and expensive ship of the day. Slow and cumbersome, she nevertheless saw action during all three Anglo-Dutch wars. In 1703 she was destroyed by a candle mishap at Chatham.
Victory: HMS Victory; First Rate; Length: 57 m (1765), 69 m (1802); Beam: 15.7 m (1802); 2,142 tons (1765), 3,500 tons (1802); Comp: 821; Armament: 2x68pdr, 28x42pdr, 28x24pdr, 28x12pdr, 16x6pdr 8xswivel guns (1765); 30x32 pdr on the lower gun deck, 28 x 24 pounder on the middle gun deck, 30x12 pdr long guns on the upper gun deck, 12x12 pdr on the quarter deck, 2x12pdr and 2x68 pdr carronade on the forecastle (1802); Chatham Dockyard, England; 1765

The HMS Victory of 1765 was the 7th ship with this name and the third first-rate ship so called. After being rebuilt (1800-1802), it became the flagship of Lord Nelson's Mediterranean Fleet which made her so famous in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. She was put into reserve in 1812 in Portsmouth.
Ville de Paris: First Rate ; Length:58m; 2,347 tons; Armament: 104 guns; Rochefort, France; 1764

Originally rated as a 90-gun warship, she was enlarged to either a 104-gun or a 120-gun ship-of-the-line, conflicting data exists. On april 12, 1782 a French and an English fleet engaged just south of the Isless de Saintes in the Caribbean. A furious battle raged for over 10 hours, when the Ville de Paris surrenderd having spent all her ammunition. She was lost in a hurricane when she was being taken back to England in September 1782.
Windsor Castle: HMS Windsor Castle; Screw (steam) driven three-masted First Rate; Length from fore part of figurehead to aft part of taffrail: 278 ft 6 in; Beam: 60 ft ; Depth in hold: 24 ft 8 in ; 3771 bm tons; Armament: 131 guns; Royal Dockyard, Pembroke, England; 1852

Originally built for sail only, she was cut in half and lengthened by 23 feet before launch to accommodate for a screw propeller and the steam boilers driving her. She was renamed on the first of October 1852 to HMS Duke of Wellington, and served as flagship in the Baltic during the Russian War. She was taken out of service and broken up in 1909.

HMS Duke of Wellington

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